The Umhlanga (or Reed Dance) takes place in August or early September each year. It is
a dance which attracts young maidens from every area of the Kingdom and provides the
occasion for them to honour and pay homage to the Queen Mother (iNdlovukazi).
Most of the maidens who participate in their teens, although there are some younger girls who take part. During the first week the young maidens gather reeds from specially designated areas, some of the older maidens travel a long distance, leaving the younger ones to collect reeds closer to their homes.
The girls wear short beaded skirts decorated with fringes and buttons; together with
anklets, bracelets and necklaces, and colourful sashes. Each sash has appendages of
different coloured wool streamers; these denote whether or not the maiden is bethrothhed
(promised to marry). The Royal Family Princesses wear red feathers in their hair and lead
the maidens to perform for their Majesties. Each group has its own particular dance steps
and song which marks their respect for the Monarch and his mother. Many of the girls carry
torches to indicate that they had cut the reeds at night.
Return to Ceremonies page.